- the irish potato famine fungus, phytophthora infestans (mont) de bary the importance of the genus phytophthora, both to humanity and to the development of the science of plant pathology, has been obvious ever since p infestans devastated the potato crop in western europe in 1845. The irish potato famine was the worst tragedy in the history of ireland the outcome of the famine would result in hundreds of thousands dead, an failure of the economy in ireland, and millions of emigrants forced to leave their home and country just to try to survive. The irish potato famine six long years, with over 1 million dead, and nearly a quarter of the population missing, the irish potato famine left a massive imprint in history (irish 1) most people underestimate the destruction of the potato famine because 1 million does not look like very many in today's population numbers. In the autumn of 1845 a sweet, sickly smell hung over ireland’s potato fields potato blight, a fungal disease unknown to scientists, had invaded the country famine was the result it engulfed.
The great famine or the great hunger (irish: an gorta mór or an drochshaol) is the name given to the famine in ireland between 1845 and 1852 outside ireland, it is usually called the irish potato faminethe famine was caused by the potato blight, a fungus-like organism which quickly destroyed the potatoes in ireland, and throughout europethe effect was particularly severe in ireland. The irish famine or the ‘great hunger’ was the last great famine in western europe and also one of the most catastrophic recorded in that region it led to the death of up to a million people and the emigration of two million people from the island of ireland. Great famine, also called irish potato famine, great irish famine, or famine of 1845–49, famine that occurred in ireland in 1845–49 when the potato crop failed in successive years the crop failures were caused by late blight , a disease that destroys both the leaves and the edible roots , or tubers , of the potato plant.
The irish question was of major importance and many englishmen agreed with trevelyan that god had sent the blight and famine ultimately, the question of blame is not as important. The discovery of the potato blight in ireland by daniel mcdonald, c 1847 ireland in key stage 3 history draft 2 why is the irish famine important in british & irish history. The irish potato famine pre-famine history to see why this was important you have to look at a little bit of pre-famine history in ireland after the napoleonic wars, ireland was considered part of the united kingdom a lot of control over ireland was exerted. As irish history goes, this also explains why the potato famine was an epidemic there were not potato seeds left over from previous years ultimately, whether you want to impress guests with some irish history , or just make a delicious cheesy side dish for your ham, you can’t go wrong with a yummy potato. The irish potato famine is an event in history that underscores the importance of not only understanding biology, but what can happen when countries are inhuman to each other the irish potato famine is, just as its name suggests, a famine caused by the sudden decimation of the potato crop in.
Phytophthora infestans is an oomycete or water mold, a microorganism that causes the serious potato and tomato disease known as late blight or potato blight ( early blight , caused by alternaria solani , is also often called potato blight. Lack of genetic variation in irish potatoes contributed to the severity of the irish potato famine, which devastated ireland's population and economy today, evolutionary theory tells us that relying on crops with low genetic variation can lead to disaster heeding the warnings of scientists and. The famine began quite mysteriously in september 1845 as leaves on potato plants suddenly turned black and curled, then rotted, seemingly the result of a fog that had wafted across the fields of ireland.
The irish potato famine, also referred to as the great famine or the great irish famine, occurred when a bacteria phytophthora infestans (blight) affected thousands of acres of potatoes which was ireland's staple food, causing loss of crops and leaving the country with nothing to feed on it is also recorded that the famine led to the. Introduction: part 1 of 8 at the history place beginning in 1845 and lasting for six years, the potato famine killed over a million men, women and children in ireland and caused another million to. This illustration shows a woman digging for potatoes during the irish famine c1845-1849 the potato crop was ruined during these years due to a blight or disease the first outbreak of the disease in the potato crop was first reported in county carlow in september 1845.
Ireland’s great famine of 1845 is seen by some historians as a turning point in ireland’s historyfamine had been common in nineteenth century ireland and almost an occupational hazard of rural life in ireland but the great famine of 1845 eclipsed all others. For instance, the irish potato famine catalyzed modern agricultural science. The irish potato famine pre-famine history the potato was introduced to europe sometime in the 16th century there are many theories on how it arrived, but the one with the most credibility is from a case study done by theresa purcell.
The irish potato famine exhibition in dublin, ireland tells the story of the great hunger, a period of mass death and starvation between 1845 and 1852 the famine exhibition includes original 19th century photographs, contemporary accounts and a 15 minute documentary film. The great irish potato famine by james donnelly (sutton publishing, 2002) places to visit pay a visit to the irish labour history museum - articles, journals and resources relating to. Ireland is a country steeped in history, with the irish potato famine of 1845 considered to be the worst tragedy in that history even today, scars remain on the landscape in the shape of famine walls and famine. Irish famine essay 1281 words | 6 pages the irish potato famine was a period of starvation, disease and emigration, and was known as one of the biggest tragedies from 1845 to 1847.